'The Fox and the Grapes' by Aesop. When the fox fails to reach the grapes, he decides he does not want them after all. Rationalization (making excuses) is often involved in reducing anxiety about conflicting cognitions, according to cognitive dissonance theory.
Evidence suggests that the more the anterior cingulate cortex signals conflict, the more dissonance a person experiences and the more their attitudes may change.
Which line matches the first line, A, B, or C? In the Asch conformity experiments, people frequently followed the majority judgment, even when the majority was (objectively) wrong.
The Milgram experiment: The experimenter (E) persuades the participant (T) to give what the participant believes are painful electric shocks to another participant (L), who is actually an actor. Many participants continued to give shocks despite pleas for mercy from the actor.
Adolescent girls Abigail Williams, Betty Parris, Ann Putnam, Jr., and Elizabeth Hubbard began to have fits that were described by a minister as 'beyond the power of Epileptic Fits or natural disease to effect.' The events resulted in the Salem witch trials, an example of mass hysteria, which resulted in the deaths of 25 citizens of Salem and nearby towns.